English

Adjectives

A-   Look at these examples:
• Our holiday was too short – the time went very quickly.
• The driver of the car was seriously injured in the accident.
Quickly and seriously are adverbs. Many adverbs are made from an adjective + -ly:
Adjective
quick
serious
careful
quiet
bad
heavy
Adverb
quickly
seriously
carefully
quietly
badly
heavily

 

Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs. Some adjectives end in -ly too, for example:
Friendly / lively / elderly / lonely / silly / lovely
B- Adjective or adverb


Adjectives (quick/careful etc.) tell us about a noun. We use adjectives before nouns and after some verbs, especially be:
• Tom is a careful driver, (not ‘a carefully driver’)
• We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain.            
• Please be quiet.
• I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.
We also use adjectives after the verbs lookfeelsound etc.
• Why do you always look so serious?
Compare:
She speaks perfect English                 
                Adjective + noun
Compare these sentences with look:
• Tom looked sad when I saw him. (= he seemed sad, his expression was sad)


Adverbs (quickly/carefully etc.) tell us about a verb. An adverb tells us how somebody does something or how something happens:
• Tom drove carefully along the narrow road, (not ’drove careful’)
• We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily, (not ’raining heavy’)
• Please speak quietly, (not ’speak quiet’)
• I was disappointed that I did so badly on the exam, (not ’did so bad’)
• Why do you never take me seriously?
She speaks English perfectly.
       Verb + object + adverb
Tom looked at me sadly. (= he looked at me in a sad way)
C- W e also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs. For example:

- reasonably cheap 
è (adverb + adjective) - terribly sorry        è (adverb + adjective)- incredibly quickly  è (adverb + adverb)
          
 It’s a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.            
 Oh, I’m terribly sorry. I didn’t mean to push you. (not ’terrible sorry’)
 Maria learns languages incredibly quickly.                                                      
 The examination was surprisingly easy.

You can also use an adverb before a past participle (injuredorganisedwritten etc.):
 Two people were seriously injured in the accident, (not ’serious injured’)
 The meeting was very badly organised.

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