Gandhiji Truth

Lifeline of Mahatma

an outline representation of events from the life of Mahatma Gandhi

2 October, 1869 Birth at Porbunder in Gujarat (Sudamapuri, Kathiawad)
1876 Beginning of Education at Rajkot
1883 Married with Kasturba at Porbunder
4th September, 1888 Left for London to study Law
12 January, 1891 Passed the Law examination
10-11 June, 1891 Called to the British Bar and enrolled in the High Court
12 June, 1891 Set sail for home
6 July, 1891 In India, introduced to Raychandbhai (Whom Gandhiji regarded as his Guru)
16 November, 1891 Applied for enrollment in the Bombay High Court
24 May, 1892 Came to Bombay to start practice in the High Court as Barrister
April, 1893 Representing a Porbunder firm set sail for South Africa
June, 1893 At Pietermaritzberg station Gandhiji was ordered to go into the van compartment of the train although he held a first class ticket. On his refusal, a constable was brought and he was forcibly ejected, his bundles pitched out after him. He was left to shiver in the waiting room all night.
22 May, 1894 Proposed an Organisation to watch the interest of Indians and to oppose colour bar against them in South Africa.
22 August, 1894 Founded Natal Indian Congress to fight colour prejudice
3 September, 1894 Admitted to Natal Supreme Court despite opposition by Natal Law Society
17 October, 1899 Out break of Boer War and Gandhiji joined Ambulance Corps
18 October, 1899 Started for India assuring to return to South Africa in his service were to be needed
27 December, 1901 Moved a resolution on South Africa at Calcutta Congress session.
20 November, 1902 At the growing pressure from Indians in South Africa, returned to South Africa
1903 Founded Transvaal British India Association
1 October, 1904 Took over entire management responsibility of ‘Indian Opinion’
Nov.-Dec., 1904 Founded Phoenix settlement
September, 1906 Started Passive Resistance Movement
13-22November, 1909 Wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’ in Gujarati on board S.S.Kildonan Castle on the way to South Africa from London
9 January, 1915 Returned to India
25 May, 1915 Founded Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab, Ahemadabad
April, 1917 Champaran Satyagraha
1918 Ahemadabad mill workers & Kheda Peasant Satyagraha
 13 April, 1919 Massacre at mass meeting at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Gandhiji implored people to be calm
8 October, 1919 First issue of ‘Young India’ under Gandhiji’s Editorship
1920-21 Khilafat and non-Co-operation Movement
5 February, 1922 Chauri Chaura incident and withdrawal of Non Co-operation Movement
10 March, 1922 Arrested. On 21 March sent to Yervada Jail. Remained in jail till March 1924.
17 September, 1924 Started 21 days fast for Hindu-Muslim unity
December, 1924 Presided over the Belgaum Congress
December, 1928 Attended Calcutta Congress where a draft Constitution of India was  adopted on 31 December, 1928
December, 1929 Gandhiji’s resolution on Complete Independence was adopted at open session of Lahore Congress along with immediate boycott of legislatures.
26 January, 1930 Pledge of Independence day taken all over India
19 February, 1930 All India Congress Committee adopted Civil Disobedience programme
12 March, 1930 At 6.30 a.m. with 78 Ashramaties Gandhiji started his famous Dandi March to break the Salt Law
4 May, 1930 Arrested and taken to Yervada jail
26 January, 1931 Released from Jail
5 March, 1931 Gandhi-Irwin Pact was announced
29 March, 1931 Left for London to attend Round Table Conference
5 December, 1931 Decided to restart Non Co-operation Movement
4 January, 1932 Started fast against separate electorate for the Harijans
8 May, 1933 Started 21 days fast for the improvement of Harijan’s condition and was released at 6 p.m. from jail
31 July, 1933 Individual Civil Disobedience started
1 August, 1933 Arrested and remained in Jail till 23 Aug.1933
17 September, 1934 Stated “I am going to resign from the Congress”
28 October, 1934 Declared his intention to retire from Congress
1936 Founded Sevagram Ashram at Wardha
1937 Wardha Scheme of Education
May & Oct-Nov, 1938 North West Frontier tours
3 March, 1939 Started fast unto death at Rajkot and on settlement of the issue ended fast on 7 March, 1939
15 October, 1940 Started Anti-war individual Satyagraha with Vinoba as the first Satyagrahi
15 January, 1942 ‘My political successor is Jawaharlal’ Gandhiji said.
5 March, 1942 Cripps arrives
30 March, 1942 The idea of ‘Quit India’ burst upon Gandhiji
8 March, 1942 Addressed All India Congress Committee of Bombay and Quit India resolution was passed.
9 August, 1942 Arrested and taken to Agakhan Palace-Jail
15 August, 1942 Lighted the pyre of Mahadev Desai, his secretary who died in Jail
10 February, 1943 Started fast in Agakhan Palace-Jail
3 March, 1943 Ended fast-in-Jail
22 February, 1944 At 7.35 p.m. Kasturba died. The saree woven from yarn spun by Gandhiji was wrapped round her body
6 May, 1944 Released from Jail
March, 1945 Cabinet Mission
Jan-July, 1945 Simla Conference
1946 Cabinet plan accepted
10 October, 1946 In Naokhali and other districts in East Bengal inhuman atrocities started
6 November, 1946 Left Calcutta for Naokhali by a special train
Jan-Dec., 1947 Toured troubled areas of Bengal, Bihar & Delhi
15 August, 1947 At Calcutta, fasted as country was cut into two pieces
13 January, 1948 Started fast in Delhi against communal riots
16 January, 1948 ‘I do not with to live if peace is not established in India and Pakistan’
18 January, 1948 Broke fast by taking orange juice from Maulana Azad
20 January, 1948 A bomb exploded in the midst of his prayer meeting at Birla House, Delhi.
27 January, 1948 Wrote ‘Congress Position’; suggesting that Congress should cease as political body and should devote to people’s service. Also attended annual celebration at Bakhtiar Chisti’s Dargah.
30 January, 1948 The day of martyrdom, was shot dead while on his way to evening prayer ground at Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) by Nathuram Vinayak Godse.

Comments are closed.